Know How Maintenance Costs Work, Types, How to Calculate and Examples!

Posted on

Biaya Pemeliharaan

In the ever-evolving world of business, maintenance cost management is one of the key factors that affect operational sustainability and profitability. Especially, when we discuss vehicles – be it a corporate fleet or daily operational vehicles – good maintenance can be a key pillar in maintaining optimal performance and avoiding unexpected tariff.

This article TransTRACK will dive into the world of vehicle maintenance tariff, discuss the best strategies to manage them, and introduce innovative solutions that can assist organizations in facing these challenges. With a deep understanding of maintenance tariff, you can take proactive steps to optimize operational efficiency and maintain the reliability of your vehicles.

Let’s explore together how maintenance cost management can be the key to success in facing modern business challenges.

What is Maintenance Cost?

Maintenance cost refers to all the tariff associated with keeping, maintaining, and sustaining an asset or property in working order and in good condition. It includes various types of costs associated with maintaining, repairing, and replacing worn or damaged parts or components of an asset.

Examples of maintenance tariff could involve:

  • Routine Maintenance: Tariff for periodic maintenance activities that are performed regularly to prevent damage or performance degradation.
  • Repairs: Costs incurred when an asset is damaged or impaired and requires repair.
  • Renewal or Upgrade: Costs to upgrade or update components or systems to keep them relevant to technological developments or operational needs.
  • Component or Part Replacement: The cost to replace worn or damaged parts or components to keep the asset operating properly.
  • Energy and Fuel Costs: The cost of supplying the power or energy required by an asset.
  • Employee Training and Development: Costs to train employees responsible for asset maintenance so that they can perform their duties effectively.
  • Administration and Management Costs: Costs associated with the administration and management of the maintenance function, including planning, oversight, and reporting.

It is important to note that maintenance tariff are a critical factor in asset management and can affect operational efficiency, asset life, and system or facility reliability. By planning and managing maintenance tariff properly, organizations can minimize the risk of damage, ensure operational reliability, and optimize the value of their assets.

How Do Maintenance Costs Work?

Maintenance costs can be divided into three main categories based on their characteristics: fixed costs, variable costs, and semi-variable tariff. Here’s a brief explanation of how each of these cost categories work:

Fixed Costs

  • Definition: Fixed costs are costs that are fixed or do not change depending on the level of production or use of an asset.
  • How it works: This cost is fixed, no matter how much the asset is used or how often maintenance is performed. For example, the cost of renting the facility where the assets are stored or the cost of salaries for maintenance staff is fixed every month.

Variable Cost

  • Definition: Variable costs are costs that change in line with the level of production or use of an asset.
  • How it works: The more frequently an asset is used or the more maintenance is required, this cost will increase. For example, the cost of spare parts that are only needed when a component needs to be replaced or the cost of chemicals to clean and maintain machinery.

Semi-variable Cost

  • Definition: Semi-variable costs include elements of both fixed and variable costs.
  • How it works: Part of this cost is fixed, while the other part changes. For example, the tariff of maintenance technician salaries may be fixed at a certain level, but overtime tariff or extra tariff for emergency work may be variable.

In maintenance management, an understanding of these types of tariff is important for budget planning, cost control, and strategic decision-making. By understanding the characteristics of maintenance costs, organizations can identify areas where efficiency can be improved or tariff can be reduced without compromising asset performance and reliability.

Types of Maintenance Costs

The following are the types of maintenance tariff that can be found in certain asset categories:

Property Maintenance Costs

  • Landscape Maintenance: Tariff to maintain the garden, park, and outside areas of the property.
  • Painting and Building Repairs: Expenses for paint maintenance, structural repairs, and building maintenance.

Vehicle Maintenance Costs

  • Periodic Maintenance: Tariff for routine maintenance, such as oil changes, brake replacements, and engine inspections.
  • Repair: The cost to repair damage to the vehicle.
  • Tire Maintenance and Replacement: Expenses for tire rotation, tire replacement, and other maintenance related to the tire system.

Technology and Electronics Maintenance Costs

  • Software: Software maintenance and update tariff.
  • Hardware Maintenance: Tariff for maintenance, repair, and replacement of hardware such as computers and servers.
  • Data Security and Maintenance: Tariff for data security, backup, and disaster recovery.

Office Equipment Maintenance Cost

  • Electronic Equipment Maintenance: Tariff to maintain and repair office equipment such as printers, photocopiers, and scanners.
  • Furniture Maintenance: Tariff to repair or replace damaged or worn office furniture.

Employee Maintenance Costs

  • Employee Training and Development: Tariff to train employees to perform maintenance effectively.
  • Employee Protection Equipment: Costs to ensure employees have the necessary personal protective equipment.

Production Equipment Maintenance Costs

  • Machine Maintenance: Costs to maintain and repair production machinery.
  • Replacement Parts: The cost to purchase and replace worn or damaged parts.
  • Preventive Maintenance: Costs for preventive maintenance activities to prevent damage or production failure.

Each of these types of maintenance costs has an important role in maintaining the reliability and optimal performance of the assets owned by an organization. Good maintenance management requires a deep understanding of these costs and their management in order to optimize efficiency and reduce the risk of unexpected maintenance.

How to Calculate the Total Cost of Vehicle Maintenance

Calculating the total cost of vehicle maintenance involves summing up all the costs associated with maintaining, repairing, and servicing a vehicle over a given period. Here are the general steps to calculate the total cost of vehicle maintenance:

Identify Maintenance Costs

Make a list of all costs associated with vehicle maintenance. This can include the cost of routine maintenance, repairs, parts, fuel, and other costs associated with vehicle maintenance.

Collect Cost Data

Collect cost information from financial records, service invoices, and other treatment documentation. Make sure to include all relevant costs for a given period.

Classify Costs

Separate costs into appropriate categories, such as routine maintenance, repairs, spare parts, and fuel. This helps in further analysis and identification of areas where costs can be optimized.

Sum Costs Per Category

Sum up the costs in each category to get the total cost of routine maintenance, total cost of repairs, total cost of spare parts, and so on.

Calculate Total Maintenance Cost

Add up the total cost of each category to get the total vehicle maintenance cost. The general formula is:

Total Maintenance Cost=Total Routine Maintenance Cost+Total Repair Cost+Total Spare Parts Cost+…

Calculate Maintenance Cost per Kilometer or per Operating Hour (Optional)

For a more in-depth analysis, you can calculate the maintenance cost per kilometer (if the vehicle is moving) or per operating hour. This involves dividing the total maintenance cost by the total mileage or total operating hours of the vehicle during the period.

Evaluation and Analysis

Review the calculation results to evaluate vehicle maintenance performance and identify opportunities for savings or maintenance process improvements.

Calculating the total cost of vehicle maintenance on a regular basis can help organizations to better plan budgets, optimize efficiency, and make strategic decisions related to vehicle fleet maintenance.

This article has provided an in-depth insight into the importance of vehicle maintenance cost management to improve operational efficiency. As the latest solution, we recommend using TransTRACK’s Vehicle Maintenance System to optimize the management and monitoring of your vehicle maintenance costs.

Key Benefits of TransTRACK Vehicle Maintenance System:

  • Real-time Monitoring: Monitor vehicle conditions in real time and get notifications for necessary maintenance.
  • Spare Parts Management: Automation of spare parts inventory and inventory management.
  • Detailed Reporting: Analyze vehicle maintenance costs with detailed reports for better decision-making.

Gain a competitive advantage by integrating TransTRACK Vehicle Maintenance System into your fleet operations. Make managing vehicle maintenance costs more efficient and effective.


maintenance tariff vehicle engine vehicle maintenance