Recognize the Various Fuel Type of Vehicle: Don’t Fill It Up Wrong!

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Jenis Bahan Bakar

There are various fuel type of vehicle that have their own functions and uses. Fuel oil or BBM is an important component for a vehicle engine. BBM has a vital role to start and provide power to the engine.

Understanding the type of fuel is very important. Improper fueling can have a major impact on the performance of the vehicle engine. Therefore, to add to your knowledge regarding vehicle fuel types,  TransTRACK will explain it in full in this article. Come on, listen!

Fuel at a glance

Fuel is the substance used to power vehicle engines, such as cars, motorcycles, airplanes, or even industrial machinery. This fuel is burned in the vehicle’s engine to generate the power necessary to move the wheels or propellers. In the context of automobiles, fuel selection is very important, as it can affect engine performance, emissions, and operating costs.

Vehicle Fuel Type

There are several types of fuel commonly used for vehicles, especially cars. In Indonesia, the most commonly used vehicle fuels for cars are gasoline and diesel. However, these fuels come in many variants, depending on the manufacturer and quality. Here are the two main producers that offer different types of fuel in Indonesia:

Shell fuel type

Shell is one of the world’s leading oil and gas companies, and they offer a wide range of fuels in Indonesia. Shell fuels often have special formulations designed to improve engine performance and reduce emissions.

Some of Shell’s gasoline products commonly used in Indonesia include Shell Regular, Shell Super, and Shell V-Power. As for diesel fuel, there are Shell Diesel, Shell V-Power Diesel, and Shell Diesel Extra.

Pertamina Fuel Type

Pertamina, a state-owned oil and gas company, also has various types of fuel. Pertamina produces various types of gasoline and diesel with various octane and cetane ratings. Pertamina’s fuels are often identified by distinctive names.

Pertamina’s gasoline fuel consists of Pertalite, Pertamax, and Pertamax Turbo. As for cars with  diesel engines, Pertamina provides Solar, Dexlite, and Pertamina Dex.

In addition to the two types of fuel above, there are also several other types of fuel that can be used for motorized vehicles, industrial machinery, and other energy sources. Below, we will explain in detail about the various types of fuel oil (BBM) and their applications.


Gasoline is a yellow or clear fuel oil that is light and flammable. Gasoline is intended for types of vehicles that use an ignition system. This type of fuel is most commonly used for motorized vehicles, such as cars and motorcycles. Gasoline has a type of octane that can be adjusted to your vehicle.


Solar is a type of liquid fuel that is denser and has a higher flash point than gasoline. It is usually yellow or green in color. It is the standard fuel for diesel engines in commercial vehicles, trucks and buses. It is also often used in industrial machinery, power plants, and marine vessels.

Avtur (Aviation Turbine Fuel)

Avtur is a fuel commonly used in aviation. Avtur can be a liquid with a clear or blue color. It has a high burning point, so it can avoid fires in the air. Avtur is often used for aircraft with turbine engines or external combustion, such as jet aircraft.

Avgas (Aviation Gasoline)

Aviation Gasoline, also known as Avgas, is a specialized fuel for piston-engine aircraft. Avgas consists of various types with different octane levels, namely Avgas 80, 100, and 100LL. Avgas is used in aircraft that use internal combustion systems, such as small planes and helicopters.

LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas)

LNG is a natural gas fuel that is cooled down to a liquid. Usually, the resulting liquid is colorless or clear. LNG is known for having high energy and producing few emissions. It is often used in transportation, especially in ships and trucks that use LNG engines as well as power plants and industrial machinery.


Biodiesel is a fuel made from vegetable or animal sources that is converted into liquid fuel. This type of fuel is usually used as a substitute for conventional diesel. Biodiesel is often utilized as an alternative fuel that is more environmentally friendly.

The Dangers of Misfueling a Car

While fuel is an essential component in running a vehicle, incorrect or inappropriate filling can carry serious risks. These are some examples of the effects of refueling a car incorrectly.

Damage to Vehicle Engines and Components

Incorrect refueling such as using gasoline in diesel cars can cause serious damage to the engine and vehicle components. This can lead to problems such as knocking, injector damage, and corrosion.

Lower Vehicle Performance

Improper fueling can reduce the performance of your vehicle. Gasoline and diesel have different characteristics, and incorrect use can result in performance degradation such as slowed acceleration to wasteful fuel consumption.

High Emissions

Using the wrong fuel can also increase your vehicle’s emissions. This has a negative impact on the environment and can lead to air pollution. These mistakes can result in more and toxic emissions, such as hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide.

Choosing the right type of fuel is very important, a mistake in filling can be fatal for your vehicle. Understanding the vehicle manufacturer’s specifications and recommendations is key to keeping your vehicle in top condition.

Today, there are various vehicle monitoring systems that can help monitor fuel consumption and engine performance in real-time. One solution that can help you in maintaining your vehicle is the  Vehicle Maintenance System from TransTRACK. This system allows you to monitor various aspects of your vehicle, including fuel consumption, tire pressure, engine condition, and more. With this system, you can more easily keep your vehicle in top condition and optimize fuel usage. Visit TransTRACK’s website TransTRACK to get more information about the Vehicle Maintenance System.


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