What are the Functions, Sizes, Types, and Ways of Arranging Warehouse Pallet?

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Pallet are flat platforms made of wood, plastic, or metal that are used to efficiently store and transport goods within the warehouse space. Pallets are used to facilitate the transportation and grouping of goods by using tools such as forklifts or transpallets. Pallets usually have a standard size and can be arranged in stacks to optimize warehouse space and facilitate accessibility to goods. Check out the full article with TransTRACK!

What is the Function of a Pallet

The function of a pallet in the context of warehousing is as follows:

Facilitate handling of goods

Pallets allow goods to be transported, loaded and unloaded easily using equipment such as forklifts, transpallets or stackers. By using pallets, the process of handling goods becomes more efficient and speeds up the flow of goods in the warehouse.

Increase storage efficiency

Pallets allow goods to be stacked vertically. This allows optimal use of space in the warehouse, thereby saving storage space. By stacking goods using pallets, warehousing can maximize storage capacity and reduce space rental costs.

Simplify the process of loading and transporting

Pallets allow goods to be transported in large quantities at the same time. This speeds up the process of loading and transporting goods on a more efficient scale. Pallets also allow the use of mechanical equipment such as forklifts, which allow for the easier transport of heavier or larger items.

Protect goods

Pallets provide additional protection for goods during handling and storage. They help reduce the risk of damage, such as scratches, splitting, or moisture that could damage an item. By using pallets, goods become more stable and protected during transit or when stored in warehouses.


Pallets have standard sizes that are recognized internationally. This allows standardization in the logistics process and facilitates the exchange of goods with business partners. By using pallets, companies can optimize the process of sending and receiving goods and improve supply chain efficiency.

Overall, the function of pallets in warehousing is to increase operational efficiency, speed up the process of handling goods, optimize the use of space, protect goods, and facilitate the exchange of goods with business partners. Pallet is an important component in the logistics system and inventory management in the warehouse.

Warehouse Pallet Size

Warehouse pallet sizes can vary depending on the standards used in a particular country or region, as well as individual needs and preferences. However, there are several sizes of pallets that are commonly used in warehousing. Here are some common warehouse pallet sizes:

Euro Pallet (European Pallet)

The standard size of a Euro pallet is approximately 1200 mm x 800 mm (47.2 inches x 31.5 inches). These pallets are widely used in Europe and most other countries.

Standard Pallet (Standard Pallet)

The standard pallet size that is commonly used is approximately 1200 mm x 1000 mm (47.2 inches x 39.4 inches). These pallets are often used in North America and several other countries.

Block Pallet (Block Pallet)

Block pallets measure approximately 1000 mm x 1000 mm (39.4 inches x 39.4 inches). These pallets are usually more sturdy and durable, and are often used to transport heavy goods.

Industrial Pallet (Industrial Pallet)

Industrial pallet sizes can vary, but generally have dimensions of around 1200 mm x 1200 mm (47.2 inches x 47.2 inches). These pallets are suitable for transporting goods with unusual dimensions or weights.

In addition to the sizes mentioned above, there is also a variety of other pallet sizes, including mini pallets with smaller sizes, rectangular pallets, and special pallets designed for special needs such as the transport of goods in certain industries.

It is important to note that pallet sizes can vary depending on the standards used in a particular region or company. So it is always important to consider and comply with applicable standards in the relevant context.

Warehouse Pallet Types

In the context of warehouse pallets, there are two types of pallets commonly known as “2-way pallets” and “4-way pallets”. The main difference between the two lies in the design of the bottom of the pallet and its ability to be lifted or moved using a forklift or other transport equipment. The following is a further explanation of each type of pallet:

2 Ways Pallet

2 ways pallets have two sides or access directions which allow forklifts or hauling equipment to enter only from two sides of the pallet. Typically, these pallets have wooden beams running along either side of the longer (pallet length). Therefore, forklifts can only enter pallets from the shorter side (pallet width). These pallets are also known as “single-face pallets” because only one side of the pallet can be used to move or lift goods.

4 Ways Pallet

4 ways pallets have a design that allows forklifts or conveyance equipment to enter the pallet from all four sides, both long and wide. These pallets have access points on all four sides and often have wooden blocks or steel rods as support sockets. This allows for greater flexibility in the handling and transport of goods, as forklifts can easily enter pallets from any direction.

When selecting the type of pallet for warehousing, it is important to consider your company’s specific needs. If you only need one-way access and want to optimize your use of wood, a 2 way pallet may be the right choice. However, if you need flexibility in handling goods and allowing forklifts to enter from all directions, a 4 ways pallet may be a better fit.

In addition, it is also important to pay attention to regional or industry standards and preferences regarding the type of pallet used. Some regions or industries may have specific preferences or requirements regarding the types of pallets that are allowed or are more commonly used.

How to Efficient Warehouse Arrangement

For warehouse arrangement efficiency, here is a brief description of some of the commonly used stacking methods or systems:

Block Stacking

This method involves stacking goods directly on the warehouse floor without the use of racks or special support structures. This is a simple and economical method, but can reduce the accessibility of items at the bottom of the pile.

Stacking Frames

Stacking frame is a supporting frame that is used to stack goods regularly. By using a stacking frame, stacks of items can be formed in a more stable manner and allow easier access to the items in the stacks.

Drive-In Rack

Drive-In rack is a racking system that allows forklifts to enter into the rack to lift and lower pallets. This method is suitable for storing goods with a large number but the same type. Drive-In rack allows efficient use of space, but limits direct access to each pallet.

Push Back Rack

Push Back rack is a shelving system that uses a push wheel mechanism to move pallets automatically when the pallet in front is taken. With this method, pallets can be accessed quickly and space used efficiently, but the system is more complex and requires more intensive maintenance.

Cantilever Racks

Cantilever rack is a shelving system specially designed for storing long or large items such as pipes, boards or metal tubes. This rack has horizontal arms that protrude to support goods vertically. Cantilever racks allow easy access to goods and flexibility in storing items of different dimensions.

Pallet Flow Racks

Pallet Flow rack is a racking system that uses the principle of gravity to move pallets in a controlled manner from the loading side to the picking side. This allows for efficient FIFO (First In, First Out) rotation and is suitable for goods with expiration dates or those that require regular rotation.

Single Deep Pallet Rack (SDPR)

SDPR is a standard racking system that allows each pallet to be accessed directly from the warehouse aisle. This method provides high accessibility to goods but requires more space for corridors between shelves.

Double Deep Pallet Rack (DDPR)

DDPR is a racking system that allows two pallets to be stacked side by side behind the first pallet. This allows for more efficient use of space compared to SDPR, but accessibility to the rear pallet becomes more difficult.

Choosing the right stacking method depends on the type of item, number of items, available space, and your operational needs and business preferences. It is important to consider these factors and seek the advice of a warehouse professional or logistics expert to choose the most suitable method for your situation.

In an effort to increase the efficiency and productivity of your warehousing, it is important to take advantage of integrated logistics solutions that can simplify the process of managing inventory and shipping goods. One solution that you can consider is using the Logistic Service Integrator from TransTRACK.

Logistic Service Integrator is a platform specifically designed to help companies optimize their supply chain. By using TransTRACK as your solution provider, you will gain access to a wide range of features and services that can increase warehouse management efficiency and improve overall logistics performance.

If you want to increase warehouse organization efficiency, maximize pallet utilization, and improve overall logistics performance, consider TransTRACK’s Logistic Service Integrator. Get integrated logistics solutions that can help you achieve your business goals more effectively. Contact TransTRACK today and find out how this platform can support your logistics needs.


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